Does the New Testament Fulfill the Old?
Jul 29, 2014 Helen Brown

Does the New Testament Fulfill the Old?

OT-NT Blog

The relationship between the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament is immensely important yet often debated. If their relationship seems obvious to you, it may surprise you to learn that different Christian and Jewish groups have very different notions of how the two Testaments relate to each other:

  • Traditional Jewish Interpretation: The Hebrew Bible, together with the oral law later codified in the Mishna, are sacred. The New Testament springs from a sect of Judaism which accepted Jesus as Messiah and later split off from Judaism.
  • Traditional Christian Interpretation (including Reformed): The New Testament is the fulfillment of all the Old, and the Church supplants Israel as the people of God. Laws and promises given to Israel in the Old Testament now apply to the Church in spiritual ways.
  • More recent Christian Interpretation (including Dispensational): The New Testament springs out of the Old, but God works in different ways in each period and what is true of one period does not necessarily apply to another. Laws and promises given to Israel in the Old Testament may not apply to the Church and may still await fulfillment.
  • Messianic Jewish Interpretation: The New Testament reveals the fulfillment of God’s promises in the Old, particularly in the Messiah Jesus. The Old Testament laws and promises still apply to Jewish believers, and many Jewish practices are observed as they were by the first Jewish believers.

In practice most Christians in the West neglect the Hebrew Bible and are not familiar with the Jewish roots and background of their faith, which may limit their understanding of the New Testament.

Of course, there are widely divergent opinions within each group. Our intention is NOT to open up a discussion on our brief definitions or on the merits of each position. Our goal is to help you go deeper in your study of the relationship of the Old to the New Testament. Accordance offers a wide variety of resources from different viewpoints to assist each user to tackle these issues. Many of these are on sale with great discounts for one week only.

Check the Quotations of the Hebrew Bible in the New Testament

The OT in NT Parallel, included in all Mac and Windows versions of Accordance but not on iOS, lets you compare the texts in the original (two versions at once) with their quotations. This under-used resource is best accessed by opening it from the Library: Parallels section and entering the book and chapter you are studying. You can then select each passage in the list in the top right corner, and see the parallels. There are also a number of cross reference modules such as the ESV Crossrefs and the GNT Notes which can be used in parallel with the text to link to other passages relevant to the top verse in the pane.

Understand How the NT Uses and Quotes the OT

NT quotes may differ significantly from the original text as we have it today, and may seem to interpret it very differently from its context. Well-known scholars have authored the following books which help us to understand how the New treats and quotes the Old. These works give us different approaches to the principles of such interpretation, and tackle the passages themselves, and the challenges they present.

Beale-Carson

Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament
-- G. K. Beale, D. A. Carson, authors

Leading evangelical scholars G. K. Beale, D. A. Carson, and their distinguished team of contributors, have produced 1280 pages worth of commentary focused on the Old Testament quotations, allusions, and echoes that appear throughout the New Testament. This landmark reference employs contextual interpretation, informed by historical background, to present a unified understanding of Old Testament references in Matthew through Revelation.

Buy_NowRegular $59.90
Sale Price: $39.90
(Save 33%)

Beale-Handbook

Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament: Exegesis and Interpretation
-- G. K. Beale, author

G. K. Beale developed this companion volume to the Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament to present a methodological approach to the task of understanding how New Testament writers refer to the Old Testament. Scholars, pastors and serious students will appreciate the solid framework of interpretation and exegesis applied to understanding the continuity of all Scripture.

Buy_NowRegular $19.90
Sale Price: $14.90 (Save 25%)

Bundle

Beale Commentary & Handbook Bundle

Buy both the Commentary and the Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament for just $49.90, a savings of over 37% off our regular low price.

Buy_NowRegular $79.80
Sale Price: $49.90
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NT Use of OT

Three Views on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament
-- Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., Darrell L. Bock, Peter Enns, contributors

Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., Darrell L. Bock, and Peter Enns discuss how Old Testament texts relate to their New Testament references and allusions, allowing users to develop their own views on this important subject.

Buy_NowRegular $17.90
Sale Price: $14.90 (Save 16%)


Read a New Jewish Commentary on the NT

This new Study Bible on the New Testament, written by Jewish scholars, sheds a unique light on the Gospels and Epistles, explaining to Jews what the text means to Christians while at the same time pointing out the Jewish customs and beliefs of the time that are implicit in the writings. Christians will not agree with every conclusion, but they will deepen their grasp of the meanings of the actions and teachings of Jesus and his apostles.

Jewish Annotated NT

The Jewish Annotated New Testament Notes
--Amy-Jill Levine, Marc Z. Brettler, editors

Renowned Jewish scholars Marc Z. Brettler and Amy-Jill Levine created the first ever Jewish Study Bible of the NT, designed to explain the text to Jews and the Jewish background to Christians. Thirty separate essays illuminate important topics for any reader.

Buy_NowRegular $34.90
Sale Price: $24.90 (Save 28%)


Explore the Messianic Movement

Standing in the gap between traditional forms of Judaism and Christianity, the controversial Messianic movement attempts to return to the Jewish roots of faith in Jesus as Messiah, as described in the Gospels and book of Acts. The titles below enhance our study of the issues it raises.

Views-Messianic Movement

How Jewish Is Christianity?: 2 Views on Messianic Movement

Six authors interact on whether Messianic congregations are necessary or whether Jewish believers should instead be incorporated into the Gentile church.

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Sale Price: $13.90 (Save 17%)

Messianic Judaism

Introduction to Messianic Judaism: Its Ecclesial Context and Biblical Foundations
--David Rudolph, Joel Willitts, editors

Both Gentile Christian and Messianic readers will benefit from this balanced and accessible introduction to the diverse Messianic Jewish movement, its ecclesial context and biblical foundations.

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Sale Price: $19.90 (Save 26%)

a-bundle

Jewish New Testament Commentary & Complete Jewish Bible with Notes bundle

David Stern revised the 1917 JPS Tanakh and translated the New Testament to show the close connections between the testaments. The commentary answers questions about the NT from his messianic perspective.

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Sale Price: $39.90 (Save 33%)


Study Classic Works by Hebrew Christians

19th. century scholars from a religious Jewish background brought a new dimension of knowledge to the Christian world. Their understanding of Hebrew and of Jewish life informed and infused all their writings, many of which were widely circulated at the time and are highly regarded to this day.

Keil & Delitzsch

Commentary on the Old Testament
(Keil & Delitzsch) (10 volumes)

A triumph of rigorous scholarship from a Hebrew background, this remains one of the most popular Old Testament commentaries available, especially for in-depth analyses of the Hebrew text. (Included in the Advanced and Ultimate Collections.)

Buy_NowRegular $79.90
Sale Price: $59.90 (Save 25%)

Bundle

Edersheim Group

Alfred Edersheim wrote extensively on the Jewish background to Christianity. This group (included in the Ultimate Collection) comprises four of his best known works on OT History, the Life of Christ, Temple worship, and Jewish Life.

Buy_NowRegular $49.90
Sale Price: $29.90
(Save 40%)


The special sale prices on these modules cannot be combined with other discounts, and will end on Monday, August 4, 2014 at 11:59 pm EDT.

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