Accordance Blog
Dec 30, 2015 Richard Mansfield

A Closer Look at The Dictionary of Qumran Aramaic

Cook Dictionary -ds Edward M. Cook’s Dictionary of Qumran Aramaic is an extremely specialized lexicon. As Cook states in the introduction, this reference work “is in a sense a fragment of a dictionary, since Qumran Aramaic is only a fragment of a language” (p. ix). You can find more information about this resource in the Accordance web store, but I thought I might offer a few tips for using this resource after exploring it myself a bit.

  1. This probably goes without saying but make certain that the Qumran Non-biblical Manuscripts are also a part of your Accordance Library as Cook’s Dictionary is designed to provide lexical information for the text in that manuscript collection
  2. The manuscript hyperlinks are designed to open in the Qumran Non-biblical Manuscripts, but if this does not happen when you click on a hyperlinked manuscript reference, you might need to change this in the settings for the dictionary. Do this by making certain the dictionary is the active pane and pressing Control-T (Windows) or Command-T (Mac) to open the Set Tool Display settings. Under Hypertext, change your Text setting to the Qumran Non-biblical Manuscripts, and make certain you choose “Use as Default,” so you don’t have to set it again. Now when you click on the manuscript hyperlinks, the correct text will open to the reference selected.
  3. Unless you’re spending almost all of your time in the Qumran Non-biblical Manuscripts module, you probably don’t want to change your default Hebrew lexicon to the Dictionary of Qumran Aramaic. However, you can still achieve the same result by using the Amplify feature instead. Simply double-click the Aramaic word in your text to select it (you should now see it highlighted), and then click on the amplify icon next to the Dictionary in the Accordance Library window or select it from the Amplify menu.
Cook Dictionary Aramaic

Click the image above to see a larger view of Cook's Dictionary of Qumran Aramaic.

Again, although this resource is extremely specialized, if you’re working with the Qumran Non-biblical Manuscripts a lot, you will find this lexicon much more helpful than the more general offerings.

Qumran Aramaic_120

Dictionary of Qumran Aramaic (Cook)

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Jun 3, 2014 Matt Kenyon

James Charlesworth On Accordance

James Charlesworth is the Director of the Dead Sea Scrolls Project at Princeton Theological Seminary. He's also an avid Accordance user and was happy to sit down and talk with us.

Dr. Charlesworth has worked for 13 years primarily with the Pseudepigrapha, extrabiblical Jewish and Christian writings which were falsely attributed to notable figures from the Bible.

He lit up with enthusiasm as he described the search functionality within the Accordance Pseudepigrapha and how it makes his life easier — even teaching him a few things he "did not know."

Watch the full interview here:


Apr 10, 2009 Rick Bennett

Maximizing your Hebrew Potential, II

In my last post, I discussed the Hebrew workspace I use in my Hebrew Syntax class, and how you can use Accordance to enhance your Hebrew experience. In this post we'll continue working through the tabs in that workspace.

Hebrew Workspace

The second tab (from the left) is used to display the results of word searches. Since I'm addicted to right-clicking (old habits die hard), I use that method to do word searches within the text I'm working on. You can also use the drop down menu, or resource palette to accomplish the same task.

BHS Word Search

By clicking on the details of the search, I can quickly view the distribution of hits across the Bible. In my prefs (cmd ,), I've set it to display the Table everytime I access the details of a search. In the Table you can see that this word occurs primarily in the Psalms. In the Hits Graph, I can triple-click on the part of the graph representing the hits in the Psalms and my search results will drop down down to those hits.

Search Window Prefs

Table of Hits

The next tab, labeled 'TC', is setup to display some text-critical resources available in Accordance.

Text-Critical Resources

One thing I've done to save from having to re-enter the verse reference I'm working in is Tied the contents of this tab to my main BHS tab.

Tie Tab

One could probably write an entire article on what is going on in this verse, but I'll restrict my discussion here to a brief description of the resources displayed, and in the following post I will describe how to interpret some of the data that can be mined from this workspace.

At the SBL Annual Meeting in 2007 we unveiled the Dead Sea Scrolls Biblical Manuscripts modules (see announcement here, and article on the importance of these texts here). This represents the first (and still only available) morphologically-tagged edition of the Biblical finds from Qumran. In addition, we also have the English translation, and Notes (DSSB-E).

In this tab I have the DSSB-C (a collated module of all the fragments in canonical order) displayed in parallel with the BHS text, and the LXX. Below that I have the Notes for the DSS English translation, the BHS apparatus (see the previous post for a description), and the Revised CATSS MT-LXX Parallel Database. Just like I've done with the BHS Apparatus, I have set the DSSB-E Notes module to display all Scripture refs in the DSSB-E text. By hovering over any link in the Notes, it will display the verse in the Instant Details box.

Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

In this workspace tab you can clearly see the wealth of information that is readily accessible in Accordance. In the case of the Dead Sea Scrolls Biblical manuscripts, and the Revised MT-LXX Parallel Database, these resources are not available anywhere else. In my next post I will explain in more detail the textual features and variants of this passage using the compare text feature, and the other resources.