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Search for participles that are subject complement


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#1 Marco V. Fabbri

Marco V. Fabbri

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Posted 30 October 2011 - 11:39 AM

This post applies to Greek.

Some searches in the GNT-T.Syntax require the use of the Greek Construct Window.

A good examples is a search for participles that are subject complement, that is for participles that are nominative, and are Complement to the verb εἰμί or other verbs that allow for a nominative complement.

The search can be set up in this way:
  • Open a new Search Text Window and set it to GNT-T
  • Set the search to Words (not Verses)
  • Set it to search in every Book (as opposed to Verse, Clause or Sentence)
  • Open a new Greek Construct Window
  • In the Greek Construct Window, drag the Clause element and drop it into the first column
  • When prompted, choose "Dependent clause only", and choose "complement" as the type of the dependent Clause, then click OK
  • Drag the Verb element and drop it into the first column
  • When prompted, choose Mood: Participle; and Case: Nominative, then click OK
  • Hit Return, or click the blue Search button.

The Search Text window with its Greek Construct will look like this image:

Attached File  without eimi.PNG   244.38KB   54 downloads

However, this search will find all Nominative participles that are part of a Complement Clause. It will find Participles that are Subject Complements in periphrastic conjugations, but also any supplementary Participle that is Nominative.

If I want to restrict the search to anything that falls outside of the Complement Clause that has a Participle Verb, I will need to make my Complement Clause part of a Predicate Phrase.
Suppose that I want to find periphrastic conjugations that include εἰμί as finite Verb.

I will need to set up the search as follows:


  • Open a new Search Text Window and set it to GNT-T
  • Set the search to Words (not Verses)
  • Set it to search in every Book (as opposed to Verse, Clause or Sentence)
  • Open a new Greek Construct Window
  • In the Greek Construct Window, drag the Phrase element and drop it into the first column
  • When prompted, choose Predicate, then click OK
  • Drag the Lex element and drop it into the first column of the Predicate Phrase
  • When prompted, type eimi, then click OK
  • Drag the Clause element and drop it into the second column of the Predicate Phrase
  • When prompted, choose "Dependent clause only", and choose "complement" as the type of the dependent Clause, then click OK
  • Drag the Verb element and drop it into the first column
  • When prompted, choose Mood: Participle; and Case: Nominative, then click OK
  • Just below the blue title that says "Greek Construct", click "Search both directions"
  • Hit Return, or click the blue Search button.

The Search Text window with its Greek Construct will look as below:

Attached File  with eimi.PNG   250.05KB   39 downloads

Edited by Marco Fabbri, 30 October 2011 - 01:11 PM.

Marco Valerio Fabbri
P. UniversitÓ della S. Croce
Rome, Italy




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