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How to search for Complement Substantival Participles


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#1 Marco V. Fabbri

Marco V. Fabbri

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Posted 06 November 2011 - 09:25 AM

We have already searched for substantivized Participles that are Subject. We will now search for Participles that are Complement (Blass-Debrunner-Funk § 413). With the syntax module we can easily do it.

I. We will first search for Complement Sustantive Participles that take the Accusative case.

We can build the search as follows:

  • Open a new Search Text, choose GNT-T as search text, and choose to search for Words (not Verses) within every Chapter or Book (not Verse, etc)
  • Open a new Greek Constuct (Command-2), that will be automatically linked to the Search Text
  • In the Greek Construct window, drag the Phrase element and drop it into the first column
  • When prompted, choose Complement Phrase, then click OK or press Return
  • Drag the Article element and drop it into the first column of the COMPLEMENT PHRASE
  • When prompted, choose the Case you want to search for: let's say: Accusative, then click OK or press Return
  • Drag the Clause element and drop it into the second column of the COMPLEMENT PHRASE
  • When prompted, choose Dependent and Complement, then click OK or press Return
  • Drag the Verb element and drop it into the first column of the Compl. DEPENDENT Clause
  • When prompted, choose Mood: participle and Case: Accusative
  • We need to leave the box “Search both directions” unchecked, as the article must come before the participle that it specifies.
  • Press Return, or click on the search button.

The results will look like this:

Attached File  Complement substantival Participle acc.PNG   276.4KB   13 downloads

The results look as expected. If we examine the hits, we will see that, as a rule, the Subject of the superordinate Clause will be different from the Subject of the participial Clause. As a result, no assumption can be done on the Subject of the Participle.
In this situation, it is desirable for the user to be informed about the Subject of the Participle. In order to provide such information as can be gathered, I have inserted within the participial Clause a null Subject, that will have a number like 0, 01, 02.
If it is 0, then the Subject of the Participle has no antecedent. If it is 01, then outside the clause there will be an antecedent marked 1; and so on.

In the example we have searched for a Participle in the Accusative. We may change that to Genitive, or Dative; but we will need to be careful to change also the case of the declined Article in the encompassing Complement Phrase.

II. Second, we will search for Complement Sustantive Participles that take the Dative case.

We will modify the search above as follows:

  • Double click on the element ARTICLE: Accusative
  • When prompted, change Accusative to Dative, then click OK or press Return
  • (As an alternative, we can point inside the element ARTICLE, then select Accusative and manually type Dative instead)
  • Within the Compl. DEPENDENT Clause, double-click on Verb
  • When prompted, change Case: Accusative to Case: Dative, then click OK or press Return
  • (As an alternative, we can point inside the element VERB, then select Accusative and manually type Dative instead)
  • Press Return, or click on the search button.

The results will look like this:

Attached File  Complement substantival Participle dative.PNG   275.8KB   13 downloads

III. Third, we will search for Complement Sustantive Participles that take the Genitive case.

Following the same steps, we can change Dative to Genitive.
The results will look like this:

Attached File  Complement substantival Participle genitive.PNG   274.94KB   8 downloads

One caveat: the logic of the search engine is such that it is not possible for the element AGREE to cross the Clause boundary. This is why we need to choose Genitive, or Dative, or Accusative in both the Article and the Participle. If we did, the results would be unreliable.

I hope this helps. If there are questions, they may be posted as replies to the topic.

Edited by Marco V. Fabbri, 14 November 2011 - 07:12 AM.
modified subtitle

Marco Valerio Fabbri
P. Università della S. Croce
Rome, Italy




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