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Finding Hapax legomena?


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#1 miqraot

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Posted 06 March 2011 - 07:28 PM

I want to find Hapax legomena. According to Jewish Encyclopedia (www. JewishEncyclopedia.com) there are about 400 hapax legomena in the Bible.

Is there a method to find hapax legomena with Accordance?
or
How to find special words which appear two or three times in the Bible?
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#2 JonathanHuber

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Posted 06 March 2011 - 09:08 PM

I want to find Hapax legomena. According to Jewish Encyclopedia (www. JewishEncyclopedia.com) there are about 400 hapax legomena in the Bible.

Is there a method to find hapax legomena with Accordance?
or
How to find special words which appear two or three times in the Bible?


Yes, you can use the "Count" command, which you can either type in or find under the Search menu. For example, [Count 1] will return all hapax legomena while [Count 2-3] will find words occurring two or three times.

#3 Helen Brown

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Posted 06 March 2011 - 11:22 PM

Note that the Range pop-up menu must be set to All Text in order to find true instances of Hapax legomena.
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#4 Lung

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Posted 08 May 2012 - 03:56 AM

If I would like to find the hapaxes that only occur in Pastoral epistles, is it the correct way to do so?

[count 1] <and> [range 1Tim]

How about if I want to exclude the proper name?

Thank you.

#5 Helen Brown

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Posted 08 May 2012 - 06:23 AM

Your search is correct, and you can qualify the COUNT thus:
[COUNT 1]@-[NOUN proper] <AND> [RANGE 1Tim]
to eliminate proper nouns, but it makes no difference in this range so I suppose 1Tim does not have any proper names that are also hapaxes.
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#6 Lung

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Posted 08 May 2012 - 02:20 PM

Thank you, Helen.

#7 brenshaw833

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Posted 29 July 2013 - 04:49 AM

That would actually not find the hapax legomenon in 1 Timothy. Technically, a hapax legomenon are words that occur in a single corpus. So a word can occur more than one time in 1 Timothy but cannot occur outside it.

 

Do you know how to do a search that would account for words only found in a certain book?


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#8 Helen Brown

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Posted 29 July 2013 - 07:41 AM

You would be correct except that when the pop-up range is set to All text, the count refers to that range, so the above search is finding true hapaxes in 1 Tim. If you set the range in the pop-up the count is how many times it occurs in that range.


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#9 Rainer Reuter

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Posted 26 May 2014 - 12:40 PM

How can I find words that for example occur twice in the Epistle of James and nowhere else in the New Testament?



#10 Helen Brown

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Posted 26 May 2014 - 01:07 PM

Firstly, to find all the words that are unique to James you would:

  1. Create a search range for all the other books (this only works with the Range pop-up menu, which may be a bug).
  2. Open a search tab and search for Words with an * to find every word, with the range set to your non-James books.
  3. Open another Search tab and search for [Range James] *-[HITS first tab]

This highlights every lemma that is unique to James.

 

Now to limit that search to words that occur twice, make the search entry

[Range James] [COUNT 2]@-[HITS first tab name]

 

Note that only in the latest Accordance can you use the RANGE command without an adjacent <AND> command.

 

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#11 Steve King

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Posted 26 May 2014 - 02:38 PM

Hi Helen

 

Are you missing an @ in the search [Range James] *-[HITS first tab]?

 

Should it be [Range James] *@-[HITS first tab]



#12 Helen Brown

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Posted 26 May 2014 - 02:47 PM

Yes, you are correct, thanks!


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#13 Rainer Reuter

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Posted 28 May 2014 - 10:50 PM

You would be correct except that when the pop-up range is set to All text, the count refers to that range, so the above search is finding true hapaxes in 1 Tim. If you set the range in the pop-up the count is how many times it occurs in that range.

Tnak you both. That was really helpful.






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