Jump to content


Photo

How to find Abstract Nouns in Greek?

greek syntax

  • Please log in to reply
3 replies to this topic

#1 dazzur

dazzur

    Member

  • Members
  • Pip
  • 2 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Melbourne, Australia
  • Interests:Theology
    Design
  • Accordance Version:10.x

Posted 10 April 2013 - 05:35 AM

Was wondering how to search for Abstract Nouns in Greek?



#2 Helen Brown

Helen Brown

    Mithril

  • Admin
  • 8,506 posts
  • Twitter:accordancebible
  • Gender:Female
  • Location:heart in Israel
  • Accordance Version:11.x
  • Platforms:Mac OS X, Windows, iOS

Posted 10 April 2013 - 06:39 AM

Nouns are not tagged as being abstract or concrete, so there is no way to search for this.


Helen Brown
OakTree Software

#3 Marco V. Fabbri

Marco V. Fabbri

    Silver

  • Accordance
  • 147 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Rome, Italy
  • Accordance Version:10.x

Posted 14 May 2013 - 07:33 AM

Sometimes I had to perform this search. This is what I thought of: we know of several suffixes that are characteristic of abstract nouns. I can list:

  1. nomina actionis, with the -σις suffix, such as παράβασις, or πρᾶξις, or θλῖψις
  2. nomina actionis with the -εία suffix, like χρεία
  3. nomina actionis with the -σία suffix, like ἐξουσία
  4. nomina actionis with the -μός suffix, like πειρασμός

  5. nomina qualitatis with the -σύνη suffix, like ταπεινοφροσύνη

  6. nomina qualitatis with the -ία suffix, like μακροθυμία

  7. nomina qualitatis with the -της suffix, like χρηστότης

  8. nomina qualitatis with the -ος suffix, like πένθος (not πάθος)

The problem is that not all such nouns are abstract. A search for all these would contains false positives. For instance, σωτηρία may mean salvation in abstract, or an act that brings salvation, or the result of that act. Again, βασιλεία may be the kingship, or a kingdom.

Some forms are always abstract. This happens with nomina qualitatis with the -ία suffix, when they start with a negating ἀ-, e.g. ἀφθαρσία, or ἀθανασία.

 

It is very difficult to search for all forms together, but you may perform several searches, such as:

ἀ*ια@[NOUN]

*μός@[NOUN]

*?(σξψ)ις@[NOUN]

and so on.

 

I hope this helps.



I didn't say so, but I would view this as an issue of morphology, rather than syntax.


  • Michael J. Bolesta likes this
Marco Valerio Fabbri
P. UniversitÓ della S. Croce
Rome, Italy

#4 Michael J. Bolesta

Michael J. Bolesta

    Platinum

  • Active Members
  • PipPipPipPipPip
  • 707 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Addison TX
  • Interests:scripture study, preaching, teaching
  • Accordance Version:11.x

Posted 14 May 2013 - 11:56 AM

Very enlightening Marco. Thank you!


Michael
Accordance on Macintosh, iPhone, and iPad




0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users