Accordance Blog
Dec 3, 2015 David Lang

The Evolution of the PhotoMuseum

PhotoMuseum Version 2.0 of the Accordance Bible Times PhotoMuseum has just been released. It’s a free update to those of you who already have the PhotoMuseum. If you don’t yet have the PhotoMuseum, you can get it on sale this week.

What is the PhotoMuseum? It’s similar to our wildly popular Bible Lands PhotoGuide, but where the PhotoGuide covers the various places mentioned in the Bible, the PhotoMuseum covers ancient peoples (Edomites, Moabites, Philistines), along with the objects they used (Altars, Houses, Weapons) and the activities they pursued (Fishing, Music, Personal Grooming). Both the PhotoGuide and the PhotoMuseum are packed with high-resolution photos and detailed captions, so you can actually see what life was like in the Biblical world.

I’ve had the privilege of working on both these projects. The PhotoGuide was explicitly designed to serve as a companion to our interactive Bible Atlas, which made it relatively easy to select the Biblical places it would cover. We simply began with a list of Atlas sites and worked our way through it, beginning with the most important sites and moving to the more obscure ones. Deciding what to include in the PhotoMuseum was a bit harder because its focus is so much more varied: people, objects, customs, etc. Our clear aim was to illustrate the historical background of the Bible, but we didn’t want to write a full-blown Bible dictionary!

As I began work on this latest upgrade to the PhotoMuseum, it occurred to me that just as the PhotoGuide acts as the perfect complement to the Atlas, so the PhotoMuseum could serve as the perfect complement to the Accordance Timeline, offering more detailed descriptions of the various people and events it displays. With that in mind I began using the various Timeline items as a guide to new PhotoMuseum articles. The obvious place to begin was with the various rulers, so you’ll find nearly 30 new articles on Roman rulers, Assyrian rulers, and Israelite/Jewish rulers. A new article on the Assyrians was also written with a view to explaining the various Timeline items associated with the Assyrians. Thus, you can easily amplify from the Timeline to the PhotoMuseum for a clear explanation of the various stages in the rise and fall of the Assyrian empire.


In addition to covering more historical people and events, this upgrade to the PhotoMuseum also includes new articles on Games and Sports, Linear Measures, and Ground Warfare. Numerous other articles have been expanded with new photos. In fact, about 200 new photos have been added since the initial release of the PhotoMuseum two years ago.

The latest release of the PhotoMuseum also adds external links to ancient texts in Josephus, Context of Scripture, Hebrew and Northwest Semitic Inscriptions and their English translations, and Carta’s Raging Torrent. This enables you to see a photo of an ancient inscription which sheds light on the biblical text, then follow the link to a transcription and/or translation of that inscription.


The PhotoMuseum is an ongoing project which will continue to be expanded. With this latest update, the PhotoMuseum is quickly evolving into a tailor-made companion to the Accordance Timeline. If you don’t have it yet, be sure to get it before the current sale ends.


Dec 27, 2013 David Lang

The PhotoMuseum: An Odyssey of Learning

PhotoMuseum_120 On Monday, I announced the release of the Bible Times PhotoMuseum, a richly illustrated guide to the people of the Bible along with the activities they engaged in and the objects they used. Today I want to tell you about how this unique new resource was conceived and developed.

Dr. J was apparently the first to suggest that we develop a resource similar to the Bible Lands PhotoGuide that would focus on Biblical people, activities, and objects rather than places. It was a great idea. We already had a huge collection of photos that we couldn't really use in the PhotoGuide, but that would be perfect for a resource like Dr. J had suggested.

Since I had written the original PhotoGuide years ago, I was asked if I would like to tackle this new resource focused on Biblical objects. On the one hand, I was excited at the prospect of writing the PhotoMuseum. I learned so much about the Bible in writing the PhotoGuide, and I knew researching all these Biblical objects would be a fantastic learning experience. On the other hand, I well remembered the massive amount of work involved in writing the PhotoGuide and the challenge of trying to get it ready for release. I was admittedly a little hesitant about taking on another project of that magnitude, and my employers were a little hesitant about assigning it to a perfectionist notorious for missing deadlines!

In spite of the hesitations, the PhotoMuseum was assigned to me and I began wading through thousands of photos of ancient artifacts: weapons, coins, weights, altars, seals, inscriptions, artwork … you name it. Based on the photos I had available at that time, I sketched out a tentative list of articles and began researching the various topics.

Writing the PhotoMuseum has been a very organic process. Sometimes I would start by writing on a given subject. I'd do my research, write my article, and then begin combing through our photo collection for images which illustrate what I had written. At other times, it was the images which inspired the writing or led me to explore things I hadn't thought about before. Usually it was a combination of both, with writing leading me to photos which prompted additional writing which in turn led to more photos! Often my search for pictures to illustrate one article would lead me to pictures that would illustrate other articles. It seemed that at every turn I was learning something new and, much to my chagrin, finding new topics I felt I needed to include.

I began writing the PhotoMuseum just over two years ago, and in that time we've added thousands more photos to our collection. Consequently, "completion" of the PhotoMuseum became something of a moving target. This initial release of the PhotoMuseum is really just the beginning. Those who purchase it can look forward to additional content and photos in future updates. And I can look forward to continuing my odyssey of learning.


Dec 23, 2013 David Lang

What in the World is a PhotoMuseum?

PhotoMuseum_120 I'm very pleased to announce the release of a unique new Accordance resource: The Accordance Bible Times PhotoMuseum. What in the world is a “PhotoMuseum”? I'm so glad you asked.

Many of you are familiar with our Bible Lands PhotoGuide, which is essentially a richly illustrated guide to Biblical places like Gibeon, Hazor, and Jerusalem. Set the PhotoGuide as the tool to link to when you double-click a place name in the Accordance Bible Atlas, and the Atlas becomes infinitely more useful. (You can do that in the Map Tab Display settings of the Preferences.)

Where the PhotoGuide covers Biblical places, the new Bible Times PhotoMuseum covers ancient peoples (Edomites, Moabites, Philistines), along with the objects they used (Altars, Houses, Weapons) and the activities they pursued (Fishing, Music, Personal Grooming). It's a bit like an illustrated Bible dictionary, but it's like no Bible dictionary you've ever seen.

You see, most Bible dictionaries offer a general treatment of a subject and then illustrate it with a picture or two. The PhotoMuseum is unique in that it begins with the artifacts themselves, treating each subject by exploring the actual archaeological finds which inform our knowledge of that subject. In other words, it lets you look at the actual clues so you can better understand how they help unravel the mystery of the Biblical world.

For example, 2 Samuel 2:14-16 relates how the generals Joab and Abner chose twelve pairs of young soldiers to duel one another for the entertainment of the troops. Each of these soldiers then "grabbed his opponent by the head and thrust his sword into his opponent’s side." Commentaries on this passage sometimes mention a stone relief found in the Aramean city of Sam'al which shows two men dueling in exactly this way, indicating it may have been a stylized form of combat. Yet no commentary I saw included an actual picture of this relief. Because we began with the artifacts themselves, combing through thousands of photos for artifacts which illustrate the Bible, we found this relief (which is unassumingly displayed in a museum alongside dozens of similar reliefs), and immediately recognized its importance. You'll find it illustrating the article on "Sword and Dagger."


This is just one example. The PhotoMuseum is packed with nearly 600 high quality illustrations of important Biblical artifacts, and the significance of those artifacts is thoroughly explained and related to the Biblical passages they help us understand. Anyone familiar with the PhotoGuide knows that it is far more than a collection of photos of Biblical sites. In the same way, the PhotoMuseum has been carefully researched and designed to give you another window into the Biblical world.


I'll be blogging more about the PhotoMuseum throughout the week: detailing how it was conceived, how it was developed, some of the things that make it unique, and our plans to expand it further. We're really excited about this new resource, and hope it will be as well-received as the PhotoGuide has been.

The Accordance Bible Times PhotoMuseum has a regular price of $59.99. It is immediately available to be downloaded through Easy Install. Treat yourself to an early Christmas present and start exploring it today.


Jun 13, 2011 David Lang

Embark on The Quest

C-Quest-sm Last fall, we were pleased to announce the release of 13 books from Carta, an Israeli publisher which specializes in Bible maps, Atlases, and books on Biblical geography and archaeology. At the time, I talked about a few of those resources in detail, such as The Sacred Bridge, a genre-redefining Bible Atlas written with the help of Accordance, and Carta's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. These resources, along with most of the books in the Carta collection, are fantastic reference works with detailed maps and illustrations you won't find anywhere else. But there is one book in the Carta collection which is less a reference work to be consulted than a book intended to be read from cover to cover: Leen Ritmeyer's The Quest. I've found this book so helpful in my research for a current writing project that I want to tell you about it now.

Look at most artistic reconstructions of the Temple Mount and you're likely to see Leen Ritmeyer's name attached to them. The architect of the Temple Mount Excavations following the Six-Day War, Ritmeyer has spent much of his life researching the mysteries of the Temple Mount and helping people visualize the ancient structures behind the present remains. The Quest is his personal chronicle of the research he has done, the challenges he has faced, and the answers he believes he has discovered.


Although Ritmeyer is a careful researcher who weighs countless minute details in the development of his theories, I've found The Quest to be a fascinating and enjoyable read. He tends to raise the questions and problems that need to be solved, chronicle how he has explored those questions, and then finally present his conclusions. There have been times in my haste that I've wanted to jump ahead to find the answers, but Ritmeyer's writing is so engaging I find myself taking the time to read the entire discussion.

For example, Ritmeyer addresses some of the Biblical events associated with the summit of Mount Moriah, the "rock" now at the center of the golden-domed mosque known as the Dome of the Rock. How does this rock relate to the story of Abraham and Isaac in Genesis 22? What about the story of David building an altar at the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite (2 Samuel 24)? While one can easily imagine Abraham binding Isaac on the relatively flat summit of Mount Moriah, Ritmeyer points out that the rock is too small to accommodate a threshing floor and that threshing floors are generally located just below the summit of a hill. Ritmeyer raises this problem at the beginning of chapter six, but doesn't offer the solution until the end of chapter seven. In between he discusses every feature of the rock and its significance, followed by a brief biblical survey of the First Temple's history. I must confess to skimming the detailed discussion of the rock itself, but I couldn't stop reading Ritmeyer's history of the first temple. He helped make sense of otherwise obscure references to events in the lives of Judah's various kings, revealing that the temple itself went through various periods of neglect, ransacking, restoration, and expansion throughout the First Temple period.

Another point I've found fascinating is Ritmeyer's contention that Hezekiah expanded the Temple Mount so that it measured 500-cubits square: dimensions mentioned in Ezekiel's vision of a futuristic temple complex. Ezekiel's vision would therefore have been reminiscent of the pre-exilic temple complex he would have been familiar with.

While The Quest is an important text for those studying biblical archaeology or the history of Israel, I would recommend it to anyone who wants to learn more about the temple and its place in Israel's history. The project I'm working on is far from scholarly, but I want the statements I make about the temple to be based on credible research rather than baseless conjecture or questionable traditions. The Quest has given me the information I need from a credible source, with the surprising bonus that it has been an enjoyable and enlightening read. If you plan to preach through Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, the prophets, any of the post-exilic books, the Gospels, Acts, or many of the epistles (particularly Hebrews), I would highly recommend you include The Quest in your preparations.

Load it on your iPad and read it by the pool this summer. You'll be surprised how much you enjoy it.


Nov 8, 2010 David Lang

It's in the Bible, so I Guess It's Important

Anyone who has ever tried to read through the entire Bible has inevitably found it to be an uneven experience. Some portions, like the Old Testament narratives or the Gospels and Acts are engaging, easy to read, and thoroughly entertaining. Other portions, like the New Testament epistles, Psalms, and Proverbs, are rich in theological discussion, inspirational poetry, and practical wisdom. But then there are those portions which are difficult to read and hard to get excited about: the genealogies in Genesis and Chronicles, the intricate plans for the construction of the tabernacle in Exodus, the censuses in Numbers, and the detailed instructions on how to perform various sacrifices in Leviticus. We dutifully try to read these passages, all the while thinking to ourselves, "Well, this is in the Bible, so I guess it must be important." Unfortunately, even when we do succeed in slogging through these passages, it's not always apparent what good they did us.

Still, the more we read the Bible, the more we begin to see how these tedious passages are the key to understanding many of the more interesting ones. For example, the books of Samuel speak a great deal about the tabernacle and priestly practices. Eli and his sons, and later Saul, are rejected because of religious failures which may not immediately strike us as that big a deal. And what about poor Uzzah, whose only sin seems to have been wanting to keep the ark of the covenant from falling to the ground? How can we understand these passages unless we have a firm grasp of the cultic background they address?

Depiction of the death of Uzzah from Carta's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Temple

Artistic depiction of the death of Uzzah
from Carta's Encyclopedia of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem

Or what about New Testament books like the epistle to the Hebrews? That epistle discusses the Jewish temple, priesthood, and sacrifices in great detail, comparing them and contrasting them with Jesus Christ and the Christian church. The more you know of the former the better you can grasp what the author is saying about the latter.

Depiction of Tabernacle Sacrifices from ZIBBCNT

Artistic depiction of tabernacle sacrifices from the
Zondervan Illustrated Bible Background Commentary on the New Testament

So it turns out that all those tedious parts of the Bible really are important and worth understanding. In fact, those who don't understand them can sometimes fall prey to the sophistry and manipulation of unscrupulous teachers who claim to have "unlocked" their meaning.

It seems that every time I flip through the channels of my television, I run across some teacher who is explaining the "symbolic" meaning of the temple or the Day of Atonement or some kind of Hebrew sacrifice. Some of this teaching is helpful, but most of it is absolute nonsense. Unfortunately, those who lap this stuff up have no way of judging the accuracy of their teachers' claims. By claiming to open up these more inscrutable passages of the Bible, these teachers establish themselves as unquestionable authorities, and that's a dangerous thing for both teacher and student alike.

In the past two weeks, we've released resources from Zondervan and Carta which carefully and accurately explain the historical, cultural, and religious background of even the most obscure Biblical passages. By utilizing these resources well, we can be better equipped to understand those passages and to counter the teachings of those who misread them. This week, I'll give you some specific examples of how those resources can help you.



Nov 5, 2010 David Lang

From Accordance to Accordance: The Sacred Bridge Comes Full Circle

C-Sacred Bridge-sm Yesterday we announced the release of thirteen new Atlases and books of historical geography from Carta. The centerpiece of that collection is without doubt The Sacred Bridge: Carta’s Atlas of the Biblical World. Flip through a few pages of the print version and it immediately becomes apparent that The Sacred Bridge is like no other Bible Atlas ever produced.

Most Bible Atlases are aimed at the every-day student of the Bible who merely wants some basic background information. They tend to be long on colorful images and maps but relatively short on text. They'll offer a cursory narrative of Biblical history and brief descriptions of important events, but they tend not to explore any episode in great detail. The Sacred Bridge, on the other hand, is aimed at the professional scholar and serious student, and it promises to become a standard reference work in Biblical geography and history for many years to come.

c-sacred bridge

The Sacred Bridge is destined to become a standard reference because it brings together into one place the insights of a variety of specialized disciplines. It cites thousands of relevant sources so the student who wants to delve deeper into any particular question will have a clear starting point for further research. Yet authors Anson F. Rainey and R. Steven Notley go beyond merely summarizing and citing their sources. Instead, they often include the relevant passages from ancient texts along with careful translations, enabling the reader to evaluate those sources directly. For example, other atlases might mention the topographical list of Thutmose III, but The Sacred Bridge actually includes a table of each toponym showing its original hieroglyph and its later forms, then refers to that table in discussions about how linguistics can help identify "place names which may have belonged to an older, pre-Israelite stratum."


When Carta describes The Sacred Bridge as "exhaustive in scope and rich in detail," offering "comprehensive documentation of the Near Eastern background to Biblical History," they're hardly engaging in marketing hype. If anything, they're guilty of understatement!

Not only is The Sacred Bridge a remarkable scholarly achievement, it's also a great read. Both Rainey and Notley write in a clear, engaging style, so even non-scholars like myself find it easy to follow. It is quite simply like no other Atlas I've ever seen.

Obviously, we're very pleased to be the first to offer The Sacred Bridge in electronic form simply because it is such an important resource for Biblical studies. But beyond that, we're pleased to offer The Sacred Bridge because Accordance was so instrumental to its production. One can't skim The Sacred Bridge without marveling at the amount of work Rainey and Notley have put into it. Yet the authors credit Accordance with helping to streamline their work. The following is from Anson Rainey's endorsement of Accordance which you'll see featured from time to time on the Accordance home page:

Throughout the writing of my chapters for the new atlas, The Sacred Bridge, Carta's Altas of the Biblical World, I made constant use of the Accordance Program. The need to cite many passages from the Hebrew Bible, the Greek Septuagint and other sources (including the Targums) was made easy by using Accordance (then version 6). The use of several columns in a Search Window let me see the Hebrew, the Greek and some times certain English translations all in a glance. Countless hours were saved by the quick search capacity of Accordance.

Some of the reference tools were also found indispensable. The outlines and bibliographies of articles in the Anchor Bible Dictionary were a great help and saved me the need to spend hours in libraries.

My partner in this project, R. Steven Notley, also made similar and constant use of Accordance for his chapters in New Testament and Second Temple historical geography.

We're obviously very happy to have been of service to professors Rainey and Notley in their research and writing of The Sacred Bridge, and now we're excited to see The Sacred Bridge come full circle and become available as an Accordance module. There's no telling what other Accordance users will now be able to accomplish by having instant access to this ground-breaking resource.


Nov 4, 2010 David Lang

The Carta Collection: Better to See Once Than to Hear 100 Times

When former American president Ronald Reagan visited Moscow at the close of the Cold War, Mikhail Gorbachev greeted him with the words of a Russian proverb: "It is better to see once than to hear 100 times."

In the Bible, we hear repeatedly about people, places, and practices which are foreign and unfamiliar to us. The Bible may describe the course of a battle by mentioning a few place names, but unless we are familiar with the terrain we cannot understand who held the high ground or whether the attack consisted of a frontal assault or flanking maneuver. The Bible describes the ancient Israelite sacrificial system in minute detail, but it can be hard to understand how and why certain practices were performed. Knowing the "lay of the land" and being able to picture each scene helps us to understand the Bible in color and three dimensions. If we can see once, we can more fully understand what we have read many times.

C-Bible Atlas-sm

That's why we are extremely excited to offer a new collection of first-rate atlases and visual guides to the world of the Bible from Carta. Headquartered in Jerusalem, Carta is a publishing house which specializes in producing the finest maps, atlases, and books about the history and geography of the Bible. The depth and breadth of these resources is absolutely incredible, as is the quality of the maps and images which adorn nearly every page. Now Accordance users can instantly access that wealth of material in order to "see once" and better understand the text of the Bible.

What's available in this new Carta collection?

C-Sacred Bridge-sm There are research-grade atlases like The Carta Bible Atlas (the fourth edition of the best-selling Macmillan Bible Atlas) and The Sacred Bridge. Meticulously researched and comprehensive in detail, The Sacred Bridge promises to be the Bible Atlas of record and standard work for the coming decades. Can you guess which Bible software the authors relied upon to produce such a remarkable achievement?

In addition to these scholarly works, there are atlases aimed at every student of the Bible. The New Century Handbook is an abridgment of The Sacred Bridge which offers the scholarly insight of its larger counterpart without all the scholarly detail. The Bible History Atlas by F. F. Bruce is an excellent introduction to the history and geography of the Bible aimed at beginning students.

C-Ency Temple-sm

The new Carta collection also includes a number of books which focus on the city of Jerusalem and the history of the temple. The Illustrated Atlas of Jerusalem offers an incredible level of detail about the ancient and modern city, while Carta's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem is a treasure-trove of information and vivid illustrations of every part of the First-Century temple. Leen Ritmeyer's The Quest chronicles the archaeological exploration of the Temple Mount in rich detail and offers meticulous architectural reconstructions.

All of the books I've mentioned so far offer a wealth of information and a vast collection of illustrations, but Carta also publishes concise guides to the Biblical world, the city of Jerusalem, and the Temple Mount. These resources are perfect for quick insights and helpful images, and they're extremely affordable. These include The Illustrated Bible Atlas with Historical Notes, Carta's Historical Atlas of Jerusalem, The Holy Temple of Jerusalem, Jerusalem in the Time of Nehemiah, and Jerusalem in the Year 30 A.D..

Available only from Accordance, this new collection of resources from Carta offers the most comprehensive information about the Biblical world coupled with the highest-quality illustrations you can find. If it is better to see once than to hear 100 times, these resources from Carta will open your eyes to a world you've previously only heard about.

You can buy each of these Carta resources separately, or choose from several cost-saving combo collections. See this page to learn more, and be sure to watch Dr. J's informative new podcast about all the Carta modules.