On Monday, I showed you some tricks for seeing more than one Scripture link in a tool at the same time. Today, I want to show how you can specify which Bible text displays when you hover over or click on a Scripture link in an Accordance tool.
For example, let's say your default Bible is an English translation, but you want the links in BDAG to go to the Greek New Testament rather than an English translation. If they're Old Testament references, you want those to go to the Greek Septuagint. Is that even possible?
This is Accordance we're talking about: of course it's possible. To do this, simply open up BDAG and use the one keyboard shorcut every Accordance user must learn: command-T.
As I've explained before, command-T opens the Display settings for nearly every kind of window in Accordance. If you do that from a tool like BDAG, you'll get this dialog box:
As you can see, this dialog lets me set the font, style, and other aspects of BDAG's appearance. It also lets me customize the way hypertext links are handled. If I wanted links to appear in Burgundy italic instead of Blue underline, I could do that here. I can also specify the text and alternate text any Scripture links should display. The alternate text will only be used if the primary text does not contain the verses a link references. In this case, since I set my primary text to GNT-T and my alternate text to LXX1, any New Testament references will display the primary text, and any Old Testament references will use the alternate text.
It's as simple as that! If I want this change to be temporary, I can just click OK and these texts will be used as long as the current BDAG window remains open. Any other BDAG window I open would still use the default settings. If I want to make this change the default setting for BDAG, then I would click the Use as Default button before I click OK to close the dialog.
For the past several posts, I've been showing how you can customize the appearance of the parsing window to show specific information or to parse certain parts of speech. But what if you want to parse specific words or forms in a passage? Believe it or not, you can do that too.
For example, let's say you're using Basics of Biblical Greek, and you're faithfully learning your vocabulary. You want to parse all the words in a passage that you don't yet know, but you want to force yourself to recognize the lemma, parsing, and meaning of the words you've already learned.
As we'll see in a moment, the Parsing window has an option to Parse only the Hit words which have been found by a search. So if we want to parse every word except our vocabulary words, we simply need to construct a search to find all those words.
When you're searching the Greek New Testament by Words, simply entering an asterisk wildcard will find every word in your text. While it may seem silly to search for every word, doing so can be extremely useful when you want to use Accordance's various statistical tools to analyze a passage. See this post from earlier this year for an example of that.
In this case, we want to find (and parse) every word except our vocabulary words, so we'll start with the asterisk, then exclude words by entering them after a minus sign. Like this:
These are the words from the first two vocab lists in Mounce, and you can see that I've just strung them all together after the asterisk. Because the definite article is also included in those vocabulary lists from Mounce, I've excluded that part of speech by entering an at sign (@), followed by a minus sign (-), followed by the [ARTICLE] tag. When I perform this search, every word except those I've excluded is highlighted.
I can then select the text I want to parse, click the Parse button on the Resource palette, and use command-T to open up the display options for the Parsing window. In the Parse pop-up menu, I'll choose Hit words only and click OK. This is what I get for John 1:1:
Obviously, as the number of vocab words you want to exclude grows, the search we used here will become increasingly unwieldy. At that point, instead of excluding each individual word, you might use the COUNT command to exclude words appearing more than a certain number of times, or you might exclude specific forms like nominative and accusative nouns. The possibilities are as endless as Accordance's powerful search capabilities allow, and however you choose to construct your search, you can parse only those words that are found.
Yesterday, I showed how you could customize the appearance of the parsing window to show only the specific information you want for each word parsed. But that's just the beginning of what you can do with the parsing window. What if you don't want parsing information for every word you select?
For example, let's say you're using a grammar like Basics of Biblical Greek which does not even begin teaching the Greek verb until Chapter 15 (roughly equivalent to the start of a second semester). You want to reinforce your knowledge of the nouns you've been learning by trying to translate relatively simple passages from the Gospel of John. Yet even the simplest passages contain verbs, and you need help knowing how to translate those. You want to select your passage and get a parsing window which only displays the parsing information for the verbs, thereby providing the help you need while forcing you to deal with the nouns from memory.
Once you've selected your passage and clicked the Parse button on the Resource palette, use the keyboard shortcut Command-T to access the various display settings.
Change the Parse pop-up menu near the top of the dialog from All words to Parts of speech. Now click the checkboxes at the bottom of the dialog for the parts of speech you want to be displayed. In this case, we'll just check Verb. Your parsing window should now look something like this:
Cool and useful as this is, the Parsing window offers even greater power. Look for more in an upcoming post.
Last week, I showed how you can parse a selection of text using the Parse button on the Resource palette. In that post I confessed my sins from seminary Greek and promised to show you the power of the Parsing window.
The key to accessing the power of the Parsing window is the key to accessing all kinds of hidden power throughout other parts of the program. It's a keyboard shortcut so useful that I have repeatedly asserted that it is the one keyboard shortcut every Accordance user must learn. It's command-T, which will bring up the various display options for the currently selected zone, tab, or pane. Once you've selected some text and clicked the Parse button, use command-T to bring up the following dialog:
As you can see, there are a lot of options here. You can adjust the font size, the way tags are displayed (as full words, abbreviations, or cryptic tag codes), which words are displayed, and what information you want displayed.
For example, let's say you want parsing help for every word, but you want to hide the lexical form so that you can work at recognizing each word's lemma. Simply uncheck Lexical form in the middle of the dialog, then click OK.
Or let's say you're trying to learn your vocabulary, so you decide to have the lexical form displayed but choose to hide the English gloss:
As you can see, the display options for the Parsing window let you tailor it to your specific needs. And that's just the beginning. I'll have even more to show you in a future post.