We continue to add titles to our Göttingen Septuagint (LXX) series for the Accordance Bible Software Library, including the Book of Job (lob. Septuaginta: Vetus Testamentum Graecum, 11/4), edited by Joseph Ziegler, which we are making available today.
The Göttingen Septuagint (Vetus Testamentum Graecum: Auctoritate Academiae Scientiarum Gottingensis editum) is a major critical version, comprising multiple volumes published from 1931 to the present and not yet complete.
As with other titles in the Göttingen Septuagint, this edition of Job in the LXX comes in three modules that can be viewed in parallel as seen in the image below (click/tap to enlarge): (1) the main text in Greek, which is fully tagged with morphological information; (2) the main critical apparatus noting differences in various LXX manuscripts, and (3) a second critical apparatus reflecting differences in the texts of Aquila, Symachus, and Theodotion.
For users who have the Journal of Biblical Literature in their personal Accordance Libraries, I highly recommend the 1984 review of the Göttingen LXX Job by Albert Pietersma. This review is not only extremely thorough, but also offers an indispensable history of the LXX version of Job for those interested in the subject. Although Pietersma is quite critical of some of Ziegler’s choices, he admits at the beginning of the review that the Göttingen edition of Job “becomes immediately the basis for all future study on the Greek Job.” Although this review was written 33 years ago, this statement is absolutely no less true today.
Most Accordance users who will be interested in the Göttingen LXX Job will probably already have the Rahlfs' edition of the LXX in their personal Accordance Libraries. Due to the vastly greater number of manuscripts that Ziegler had to work with over the handful in Rahlfs' edition, Accordance users will want to put both texts side by side and use Accordance’s Compare Text feature to note the differences between the two editions.
Click/tap the image above to see a closer look at Job in the Rahlfs' LXX compared with the Göttingen LXX.
The Göttingen LXX Job may be purchased individually or as part of the larger Göttingen LXX Bundle. Introductory pricing is available for a limited time.
Göttingen LXX Bundle (18 Volumes)
List Price $1059
Regular Price $799
Göttingen LXX Job
Regular Price $79.90
The Septuagint (LXX) is the first known translation of the Bible. Beginning in approximately the 3rd century BC with the translation of the Pentateuch into Greek from the original Hebrew, the creation of the LXX spans three centuries and comprises all books of the Hebrew Bible, plus the books of the Deuterocanon/Apocrypha. The significance of the LXX cannot be overstated as nearly all quotations of the Old Testament by the New Testament writers as well as Josephus and Philo come from this translation. Even today, over 200 million Christians see the LXX as an authoritative Old Testament text over and above the Hebrew Bible.
Although Alfred Rahlf’s 1935 critical edition (revised 2006) of the LXX currently remains the standard for LXX studies, its textual basis is somewhat lacking as it is based primarily on the Vaticanus, Sinaiticus, and Alexandrinus codices. Seeing the need for a more comprehensive critical edition, the publication of the more extensive Göttingen LXX began in 1931 and continues--still not complete--through today. The Göttingen LXX has a much more extensive apparatus, taking into account more manuscripts and textual variants as seen in this comparison below in parallel with Rahlfs’ edition.
Click/tap the image above and note the considerably more extensive textual apparatus in the Göttingen LXX on the left vs. Rahlfs' LXX on the right.
Ezekiel, revised in print in 2015, is the most recently updated volume of the Göttingen LXX. As of today, it is also available for the Accordance Library. In addition to releasing the Ezekiel volume, we have also reduced the price of most of our Göttingen titles. Accordance users who have purchased previous installments of the Göttingen LXX will want to upgrade to our new “Big 17 Bundle” which includes all published Old Testament volumes except Job. (*Note: For users who already own individual volumes of the Pentateuch, see upgrade options to the Big 17 Bundle here and upgrade procedure to the full Pentateuch here.)
All volumes of the Göttingen LXX in Accordance include the grammatically tagged critical text together with the corresponding apparatus. The Göttingen LXX can be placed in parallel with Rahlfs’ LXX, the Hebrew Bible, or any translation of the Old Testament.
In recent years, there has been a resurgence in LXX studies. Often when the LXX and and Dead Sea Scrolls agree together against the 10th century Masoretic Text, the older reading is seen as more original. Thus, no study of the Old Testament can be considered truly comprehensive unless the LXX is taken into consideration, and no serious study of this ancient translation can be complete without the Göttingen volumes.
Big 17 Bundle
Note: See upgrade options below.
Includes all published OT volumes except Job: Pentateuch, Ruth, 1-2 Esdras, Esther, 1-2 Maccabees, Psalms and Odes, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), The Twelve, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel (NEW!)
Pentateuch LXX Göttingen with Apparatus
Note: See upgrade procedure below.
This module includes the grammatically tagged critical text of entire LXX Pentateuch (Genesis through Deuteronomy) together with the apparatus.
NEW! Ezekiel LXX Göttingen with Apparatus
In order to provide the best possible Custom Upgrade price for the Big 17 Bundle, upgrade options to the Big 17 Bundle depend on whether or not users have previously purchased any volumes of the Pentateuch.
- For users who own NO individual Pentateuch LXX Göttingen volumes:
- No additional steps are required. Just click the Custom Upgrade button for the Big 17 Bundle.
- For users who own SOME or ALL individual Pentateuch LXX Göttingen volumes:
- First purchase the LXXG-PENT Bundle which provides a Custom Upgrade price to the 5-module Pentateuch Bundle (you will not pay again for any modules you already own).
- Also "purchase" the free upgrade to the combined LXXG-PENT module which provides a combined 1-module Pentateuch product.
- Finally, click the Custom Upgrade button for the Big 17 Bundle.
If there is a any question, just order the Custom Upgrade and leave a note for customer service. They will ensure a fair price for you.
The Pentateuch products are available in two formats: 5 individual modules (LXXG-GEN, LXXG-EX, etc) or as a 1-module product (LXXG-PENT) which contains all five volumes in one module.
Users who own any of the individual modules of the Pentateuch who wish to upgrade to the full Pentateuch should:
Throughout this year, we have been periodically releasing volumes of the Göttingen edition of the Greek Septuagint. First we released the five Pentateuch volumes, followed by the book of Ruth, and now we are pleased to announce the release of 1 Maccabees. The Accordance edition of the Göttingen Septuagint is currently the only electronic edition to include grammatical tagging of the text along with the fully searchable critical apparatus.
Why is the Göttingen edition of the Septuagint important? It is the first truly critical reconstruction of the Septuagint text. Other editions, such as those of H. B. Swete, Cambridge University, and Alfred Rahlfs tended to follow the best available manuscript and note the differences in other manuscripts, while the scholars behind the Göttingen edition have attempted to reconstruct the original text using the widest available manuscript evidence. You'll find a helpful explanation of the various editions of the Septuagint here.
Accordance has long been making Septuagint scholars smile by being the first to offer the tools they need. We've offered the tagged text of Rahlfs almost from the beginning, and have since added the grammatically tagged text of Swete, along with the Swete and Cambridge critical apparatuses. We were the first to make Emmanuel Tov's MT-LXX Parallel available, as well as the first to offer the LEH Septuagint Lexicon. We also offer the New English Translation of the Septuagint, as well as the older Brenton translation. We even offer the Greek Biblical texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls! With the addition of Göttingen, we continue to give Septuagint scholars plenty of reasons to smile.
It's been a busy weekend at Accordance, but unless you watch our news announcements carefully, you might have missed these items:
Pick A Product Coupon: 25% off any one item. The PICKAP coupon code lets our sales staff know that you want to take 25% off the highest priced item in the order. The coupon is good throughout May and can be used twice. This is your best opportunity to get that commentary set or other major item on your wish list. (Temporary sale prices and other discounts cannot be combined with this offer.)
Chafer-Theology: the entire original 8 volume set by Louis Sperry Chafer was just released for download for only $139.
Dr. Lewis S. Chafer (1871-1952) was the founding president of Dallas Theological Seminary and its first professor of Systematic Theology. When he completed his massive eight volume Systematic Theology after more than ten years of labor, he produced the first Calvinist, dispensational, pre-millennial and pre-tribulational theology. Chafer’s warm spirituality, his love of the Bible and his devotion to a simple Christian life permeate its pages. The strength of the work lies not in its interaction with scholarly sources, but in its many citations of Scripture and its organization of it into classic theological categories.
Göttingen Septuagint: It's taken a little longer than we hoped, but the first volume of the series is now available for download. This is the definitive critical edition of the LXX. We plan to release further volumes until we catch up with the ongoing publication of the print edition.
Our modules of the Göttingen LXX include the fully tagged Greek text together with the complete apparatus, available nowhere else in convenient electronic form, a must for every Old Testament scholar.
Please see the Latest News page for full announcements of these items and any others you may have missed.