Accordance Blog
May 26, 2016 Timothy Jenney

Advanced Greek Searches (Lighting the Lamp Podcast #141)

This podcast picks up where Basic Greek Searches ends. It covers searching for Greek tags, using Search in, and adding more sophisticated Search commands. It also gives an overview of Searching and Amplifying to Greek Tools, and using Research for Greek language searches. Join Dr. J for this in-depth look at what Accordance offers those with a working knowledge of Greek.

See more episodes of Lighting the Lamp on our Podcast Page!


May 13, 2016 Timothy Jenney

Basic Greek Searches (Lighting the Lamp Video Podcast #140)

If you’ve invested the time to learn Greek, Accordance is the Bible Software for you! We have a host of Greek texts and resources—and an amazing set of search tools. In this podcast Dr. J covers the basic kinds of Greek searches, modifying those searches with search commands and symbols, and how to type in Greek.

See more episodes of Lighting the Lamp on our Podcast Page!


Jan 5, 2016 Richard Mansfield

Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament

When I teach or preach the Bible in church settings, I tend to avoid making too much of a distinction between original language texts and English translations. I’ve listened to plenty of preachers who like to show off their knowledge of Greek or Hebrew as if to occasionally remind their congregations of how much they know. On the other hand, in discussing this issue with a church member once, she told me, “If we don’t hear about the original languages from you, where will we hear it?” I suppose there has to be balance in such things.

Kenneth Wuest portrait Kenneth Wuest, former professor at New Testament Greek at the Moody Bible Institute in the mid-twentieth century and one of the New American Standard Bible translators, was absolutely gifted at being able to communicate the nuances of Koine Greek to audiences who had no knowledge of the ancient language. And Wuest was able to do so without talking down to his audience or creating mistrust for their English translations. In spite of his very popular teaching ministry to pastors in training, Wuest’s greatest ongoing contribution to the church—and specifically to the laity in the church—is his four-volume Word Studies from the Greek New Testament with Expanded NT.

Wuest’s Word Studies were published well over a half century ago, but they continue to reach those who hunger to know the New Testament better, even if they haven’t had the opportunity to study biblical languages. Wuest had the remarkable ability to discuss the Greek language, clearly and thoughtfully, to those who have never studied Greek. And in doing so, Wuest continues his teaching ministry long after his passing.

Wuest NT Set The first two volumes of Word Studies presents a running exposition on selected books from the New Testament: Mark, Romans, Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians, Hebrews, 1-2 Timothy, Titus, 1-2 Peter, 1-3 John, and Jude. If you’ve ever read A. T. Robertson’s Word Pictures in the Greek New Testament, Wuest’s Word Studies are comparable, but Wuest may be slightly more accessible for the non-specialist.

The third volume is a collection of five previously published works containing essays that include word studies, the meaning of particular Greek phrases, as well as theological studies. There are over 160 of these essays all together, aimed at the serious student of the Bible who has never formally studied Greek.

Wuest bases his Greek expositions on the Nestle edition of the Greek New Testament that was current at his time of writing. When distinguishing the Greek text from the English, he primarily interacts with the King James Version, which was the Bible mostly used by English readers in the mid-twentieth century. However, Word Studies may be placed in parallel with any text or translation in Accordance.

The fourth volume is the well-known New Testament: An Expanded Translation by Wuest that attempts to follow the word order of the Greek New Testament as closely as possible. That doesn’t mean Wuest’s translation is yet another literal translation as he chose to use as many words as possible to properly communicate the Greek text into English.


Click on the image above for a larger view of Wuest's
Word Studies from the Greek New Testament.

The Accordance edition of Kenneth Wuest’s Word Studies from the Greek New Testament comes in two separate modules. One contains the first three volumes together; and as mentioned earlier, these can be placed in parallel with the biblical text to act as a commentary. The second module contains Wuest’s Expanded Translation, so that it may be used in parallel as well.

Although Wuest was writing for the person who had never studied original languages, his insights into the Greek New Testament are valuable for the scholar as well. His understandable communication style and years of experience in the classroom make him a teacher across many levels of study.

Buy Now 2 Word Studies from the Greek New Testament with Expanded Translation (4 Volumes)


Dec 29, 2015 Richard Mansfield

A Closer Look at Harris' Prepositions & Theology in the Greek New Testament

I can still remember my first semester of elementary Greek in seminary years ago. About halfway through the course, most of us were a bit overwhelmed. So, one of my classmates raised his hand and asked our instructor how long he thought it would take for us to “master” New Testament Greek. Without even hesitating, he shot back, “There’s always something more to learn when it comes to Greek.”

Harris Prepositions cover with ds When I first saw the title of Murray J. Harris’ book Prepositions and Theology in the Greek New Testament, I remembered my Greek instructor’s words. There always seems to be something to explore at a deeper level when it comes to biblical languages. However, that doesn’t mean that such explorations are always all that interesting. Fortunately, Murray Harris, professor of New Testament Exegesis and Theology at Trinity Evangelical School in Deerfield, Illinois, has written a work on Greek prepositions that is engaging from the first chapter. Really.

Even any first-semester student knows that propositions in Greek can be tricky. Recognizing this, Harris writes,

This volume is offered to the reader in the hope that it may encourage close study of the Greek text of the New Testament, since interpreting the text grammatically — including giving attention to the nuances of prepositions — is the necessary prelude to understanding it theologically [p. 15].

Good translation comes from a combination of study, experience and perhaps a bit of common sense. How can prepositions affect exegesis and theology? Consider this example given by Harris on p. 41:

In the last clause of the Lord’s Prayer (Mt 6:13b), not ἐκ but ἀπό follows ῥῦσαι. In the NT ῥύεσθαι ἐκ denotes deliverance from nonpersonal evil (7x; note esp. 2Pe 2:9, ἐκ πειρασμοῦ, never personal enemies, while (elsewhere) ἀπό with ῥύεσθαι is twice used with persons (Ro 15:31; 2Th 3:2) and once with a nonpersonal object (2Ti 4:18). In Mt 13:19, 38 and probably 5:37, as also in Jn 17:15, ὁ πονηρός refers to “the evil one” (= the devil/Satan). If τοῦ πονηροῦ in Mt 6:13 referred to “evil,” we might have expected ἀπὸ παντὸς πονηροῦ (“from all/every kind of evil”; cf. πᾶν πονηρόν in Mt 5:11). Cf. 2Ti 4:18, ῥύσεταί με ὁ κύριος ἀπὸ παντὸς ἔργου πονηροῦ. The probability, then, is that τοῦ πονηροῦ means “the evil one” rather than “evil.”

If, like me, you first memorized the Lord’s Prayer from the King James Version, you quickly see how a proper understanding of prepositions makes a big difference in how one understands, translates, and even recites ἀλλὰ ῥῦσαι ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ τοῦ πονηροῦ.

In Prepositions and Theology in the Greek New Testament, Harris devotes an entire chapter to each of the 17 “proper” prepositions found in New Testament Greek with lesser but adequate attention given to the 42 “improper” prepositions. Thus, this work serves as both a reference as well as a book offered for further study of Greek. Although I believe this book will be best appreciated by those who have studied at least a second year of Greek, there’s nothing to prevent someone who has completed only a first semester from gaining insights from it as well.

Harris Prepositions

Click on the image above for a larger view of
Harris' Prepositions and Theology in the Greek New Testament

The Accordance Team has closely analyzed the text of Harris’ Prepositions and Theology in the Greek New Testament and have tagged the content according to the following fields: Titles, Greek Titles, English Content, Scripture, Greek Content, Transliteration, Manuscripts, Captions, and Page Numbers. Such detailed analysis will aid the Accordance user in finding the exact content needed both quickly and efficiently.

Prepositions & Theology_120

Prepositions and Theology in the GNT

Buy now for $42.90

Buy Now 2


Nov 1, 2015 Richard Mansfield

NEW! Greek New Testament Audio

“Blessed is the one who reads…and blessed are those who HEAR and keep what is written…" (Revelation 1:3).

Coinciding with the release of Accordance 11.1, we are pleased to announce the release of the Audio Greek New Testament. Designed to run in parallel with any New Testament text, the Audio Greek New Testament provides a professionally spoken Erasmian reading of the UBS4/NA27 text by Dr. John Schwandt.

The Greek New Testament Audio requires Accordance 11.1 and is available now.


Mar 13, 2015

Endorsement: Steve Walton

Professor Steve Walton, Research Fellow at Tyndale House in Cambridge, has been using Accordance since version 1.0! In this video, he describes his use of Accordance in the classroom and his personal workflow for research.


Aug 1, 2014 Richard Mansfield

Video: Dan Wallace on Accordance Bible Software

In this video, Dan Wallace discusses his history with Accordance (he has been using Accordance since the first beta!). He also names what he considers to be the "must have" Accordance titles needed for textual criticism.

Dr. Wallace is professor of New Testament Studies at Dallas Theological Seminary and founder and executive director of the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (CSNTM).


Jan 31, 2012 David Lang

Is Ephesians Really So Divided?

Some other members of the team and myself are currently in Minneapolis demonstrating Accordance at the Desiring God Pastor's Conference. Since the exhibit hall is basically deserted during the main teaching sessions, I slipped out last night and listened to the first speaker. Early in his message, he made an oft-repeated observation about the book of Ephesians: namely, that it is clearly divided into two parts. The speaker asserted that in the first three chapters, Paul uses verbs in the indicative mood—that is, verbs that make a statement or convey information. In the last three chapters, Paul switches to imperative verbs. Thus, he moves from theology to application, from instruction to exhortation.

It's certainly an interesting point, but is it accurate? Is the book of Ephesians really so clearly divided between indicatives and imperatives? I'm glad you asked! Because it is just these kinds of patterns that Accordance is perfectly designed to reveal.

If you have a tagged Greek New Testament such as the GNT-T or the new NA27-T, click the Words button, then hit the tab key to select the contents of the search entry box. Now go to the Search menu and choose Verb… from the Enter Tag submenu. In the dialog box that opens, select indicative from the Mood pop-up menu, then hold down the shift key and choose imperative. (Holding the shift key enables you to select multiple items within the same category.) When you're finished, click OK to dismiss the dialog and return to the Search tab. You'll notice that Accordance will insert the proper search syntax for you.


Before we run this search, let's limit it to the book of Ephesians by selecting Define Range… from the range pop-up menu at the top of the Search tab (the pop-up that usually reads [All text]). In the dialog box that appears, click the New button, then set both the Range Name and the Range Definition to "Ephesians." When you click Update and close the dialog, your new Ephesians range will be selected in the Range pop-up. (Of course, if you've previously defined an Ephesians range, you only need to select it from the pop-up menu without having to go through the Define Ranges dialog.)


When you hit Return to perform this search, Accordance finds every indicative and imperative in the book of Ephesians. Now we just need to analyze the distribution of these two forms throughout the book. To do that, click the Graphs and Stats menu to the left of the Compare checkbox and choose Analysis Graph.

The Analysis Graph lets you choose the criteria you want to have graphed from the pop-up menu at the bottom right. Choose Mood from this pop-up to see a comparison of indicatives and imperatives.


The Analysis Graph graphs the frequency of occurrence in a particular sample size. The default sample size is hits per 1000 words, which is perfect for a large range like the entire New Testament, but too large for a small range like the book of Ephesians. To see more detail, we'll need to customize the graph to use a smaller sample size. While we're at it, we'll also customize the look of the graph to make it a little slicker.

To customize the look of anything in Accordance, you can always use the keyboard shortcut command-T. With the Analysis Graph selected, use command-T to open the Set Analysis Display dialog. In that dialog, change the Words per hit to 100, select Areas rather than Bars, Overlay rather than Stack, and check the Use black background.


When you click OK, your Analysis Graph should now look like this:


From this we can see that it's true that imperatives don't really begin until the latter half of Ephesians. However, it's not as if indicatives drop out completely. In fact, the highest concentration of indicatives comes right in the middle of the imperative section, and at that point the imperatives drop off dramatically. What point is that in the text? It's the instructions to husbands and wives at the end of Ephesians 5. You would think this section would include lots of imperatives, but there are really only two, followed by a long discussion of the relationship between Christ and the church.

The graphs and statistical breakdowns Accordance provides are designed to enable you to see patterns like this in all their complexity, including the parts which run counter to the general trend.

What other interesting observations can you make from looking at this graph?


Jan 30, 2012 Rick Bennett

New Titles from the German Bible Society

We are happy to announce that our ongoing partnership with the German Bible Society (GBS) brings a new selection of the world's finest scholarly Bibles and original language texts to Accordance. The first round of these releases was announced just two weeks ago with the first installment of the BHQ, then last week with the long-awaited Nestle-Aland (27th ed.) tagged Greek text with sigla, and the critical apparatus. These are just the first of several new releases planned in the coming weeks.


In addition to the NA27, we will also offer the UBS Greek New Testament (4th ed.) with tagging and critical apparatus. On the Old Testament side we will have the BHS tagged text with sigla and apparatus, the apparatus for Rahlf's Septuagint, and the apparatus for the entire Vulgate.

We will also have the Gospel of Thomas, Coptic and Greek text with English and German translation, and commentary, and the revised Barclay Newman Greek-English dictionary (typically included in the back of the UBS Greek text).

For those with a passion to study the original texts of the Bible, these are sure to be must-have resources for your Accordance library. In order to see the full breakdown on these new titles and their pricing, check out our news announcement, and stay tuned to the blog for future posts on the availability of these new titles with more 'first look' videos.



Jan 21, 2009 Rick Bennett

"Keep your Greek" with Accordance

In the third installment of his blog series, “Keep your Greek,” author and professor of NT at Moore Theological College Con Campbell, addresses some potential issues when using Bible software. To summarize, here are his main points:

a. When you’re doing your 10-30 minutes per day of Greek reading, do not have an English translation open on the screen.

b. Be slow to move that cursor. The risk of using software is that you can short-cut the learning process, just as you will with an interlinear.

c. A problem with software is that it doesn’t tell you which words you should already know. You think you don’t know a word, so you get the quick answer, then think, ‘oh yeah, I knew that.’

During my studies I’ve had to combat the same dangers that Con talks about here, so I thought I would share some of the ways I’ve used Accordance to do so successfully.

First, I’ll address the third point Con made. To do this you need to identify the words that you are not familiar with. The traditional Greek courses in college or seminary typically make students responsible for all words occurring 10 times or more in the Greek New Testament. However, the word lists get pretty large the closer you get to 10, so it’s likely that anything in that range will become fuzzy after a while. To identify all words occurring 20 times or less, perform the following word search:

[COUNT 1-20] <AND> [RANGE Rom]

You’ll notice that I added an additional Range command for my example, which you can customize to your needs, or constrain the search for verbs only, etc. Next, I created a highlight style simply titled, ‘less occurring.' If you shift + click on any style in your highlight palette it will only highlight the hits (in my style I used a double-underline so as not to completely obstruct the text). Now, you can simply change your search to verses, i.e. Rom 5 and you will get the full text of Romans 5, but it will have all the words occurring 20 times or fewer highlighted.

Also, if you want to help yourself resist the temptation of moving your cursor over words and displaying the parsing information in the Instant Details box, hit cmd + option + 3 to temporarily hide it (repeat to show it again).

Parse DetailsLet’s take this one step further, and create a customized workspace that will mimic some of the strengths of the Greek Readers that have become popular as of late (a topic that Con promises to cover in an upcoming post). In the same workspace as above, click the History button and bring up our Count search, but let’s constrain it to a smaller portion: [COUNT 1-20] <AND> [RANGE Rom 5].

Now, click anywhere in the text, and hit cmd + A to select all the text. Next, click the Parse icon in the Resource Palette. This will open up a separate tab in your workspace displaying the parsing information for the text you selected. However, we want to limit this to the words highlighted. Hit cmd + T, and select ‘Hit Words Only’ from the Parse drop down menu (I also unchecked the option to display Root, and English Transliteration, but you can customize to your needs). To further customize this you can detach the parsing tab (cmd + option + T), then tile the two alongside each other (cmd + I). You could even add an advanced lexical tool such as the New Linguistic and Exegetical Key to the GNT (GNT Key) in parallel with the Greek text, but that may be a little too much help.


GNT Workspace


As you can see, this gives you a nice way to customize a Greek reading workspace to your specific needs so that you can "Keep your Greek"… with Accordance.