Accordance users already familiar with quality Carta Jerusalem titles such as The Sacred Bridge will be pleased to see two new inscription-related titles added to the Accordance Library: The Raging Torrent and Echoes from the Past.
The Raging Torrent (translated and annotated by Mordechai Cogan) collects Assyrian and Babylonian historical inscriptions relating to Israel and its neighbors in biblical times. These inscriptions, composed in cuneiform script between the 9th and 6th centuries BCE, cast new light on many events mentioned in the Bible in greater detail (such as the conquest of Galilee by Tiglath-pileser, the fall of Samaria under Sargon II, or Sennacherib's campaign to Judah). The biblical text and the cuneiform inscriptions present the contrasting viewpoints of opponents at war, of conqueror, and conquered.
The inscriptions are presented here in a new English translation, and each is supplemented by an introduction describing the general background and by extensive explanatory notes and bibliographic references. The translations and annotations, by Prof. Mordechai Cogan of the Hebrew University, are accompanied by many helpful maps and illustrations. Bible students and scholars alike will benefit from the historical insight this work provides.
The Raging Torrent has been carefully analyzed by our developers and content has been tagged to allow for very specific research. Users can search this title by the follow fields: Titles, Texts, English Content, Hebrew Content, Arabic Content, Greek Content, Transliteration, Scripture, Bibliography, Image Captions and Page Numbers.
For even more information regarding this title, see this review by David Vanderhooft of Boston College.
The Raging Torrent
Echoes from the Past is a collection of inscriptions from the biblical period, in Hebrew and closely-related languages (Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite). It includes historical records and dedicatory inscriptions graven on stone, letters and administrative documents written on ostraca and papyri, weights and measures, and more. Each inscription is shown in photograph and facsimile, and the original text is presented alongside a vocalized Hebrew version and an English translation. A short introduction provides information on the inscription’s provenance and history, and the inscription’s content is discussed in detailed notes expounding its paleographic and linguistic features and its historical context and relation to the Bible; the notes are accompanied by a comprehensive bibliography.
Of particular note are inscriptions such as the inscription of the Meshaʿ Stela, the Siloam Inscription, and the Book of Balaam son of Beor, that feature events and people mentioned in the biblical texts; while many lesser-known texts give us valuable insight on the lives and mores of ordinary people in biblical times. This collection will thus be of great interest to anyone interested in the world of the Bible, whether from a linguistic, an epigraphic, a historical, an archeological, or a religious perspective.
Echoes from the Past was first published in Hebrew in 1992 as The Handbook of Hebrew Inscriptions (אסופת כתובות עבריות), and in 2005 in revised form as HaKetav VeHaMiḵtav (הכתב והמכתב), by Prof. Shmuel Aḥituv of the Ben-Gurion University, a leading Bible scholar and laureate of the 2015 Israel prize. The English translation, published in 2008, was made by Prof. Anson Rainey of Tel-Aviv University, a world-renowned authority on Semitic linguistics and historical geography of the biblical period.
Echoes from the Past has been carefully analyzed by our developers and content has been tagged to allow for very specific research. Users can search this title by the follow fields: Titles, Glossary Entries, Inscriptions Text, Inscriptions Translation, English Content, Hebrew Content, Arabic Content, Syriac Content, Greek Content, Transliteration, Scripture, Bibliography, Image Captions, and Page Numbers.
For even more information, see this review by Matthieu Richelle.
Echoes from the Past
The Accordance Bible Lands PhotoGuide contains more than 1,600 high-quality photographs of biblical sites and regions. Yet it is far more than just a photographic archive. The PhotoGuide is a carefully-researched dictionary of biblical places which is packed with useful information. Take the time to explore it, and you'll learn a great deal about the world of the Bible. Over the next several posts, I'll highlight a few of the gems you'll find in the PhotoGuide.
One of my favorite articles in the PhotoGuide is the one entitled, "Inscriptions and Ancient Texts." This article has photos and in depth descriptions of various hieroglyphic, cuneiform, Hebrew, Semitic, Greek, and Latin inscriptions. These include the Rosetta Stone, the Law-Code of Hammurabi, the Babylonian Flood Story, the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, the Gezer Calendar, the Siloam Inscription, the Lachish Letters, inscriptions from Herod's temple, some of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Moabite Stone, and more.
Here are a few of my favorites:
The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, pictured here, celebrates that Assyrian king's many conquests. The figure bowing down before Shalmaneser is identified as "Jehu son of Omri," the king of Israel at that time. (By the way, this identification of Jehu shows some confusion on the part of the Assyrians. Can anyone tell me why?)
This paleo-Hebrew inscription was found at the entrance to the tomb of a royal steward located outside Jerusalem. The inscription is damaged at the place where his name is given, but scholars believe this may have been the tomb of Shebna, whom Isaiah condemned in Isaiah 22:14-19. (How does this inscription corroborate the sin Isaiah was condemning?)
We've all heard that Gentiles were not allowed beyond the Court of the Gentiles in Herod's temple, but the sign pictured here actually warned them in Greek that they would have no one but themselves to blame for their own death should they be found inside. The PhotoGuide actually gives you a transcription of the Greek as well as an English translation! (Who in the New Testament was accused of violating this prohibition?)
These are just a few of the fascinating inscriptions shown and explained in the PhotoGuide. The Inscriptions article alone can dramatically increase your knowledge of the Bible. If you own the PhotoGuide, take some time to read it. If you don't own it, what are you waiting for?