In four years several improvements were made to the syntax of GNT28-T. It is time to take the changes into account and rewrite the search for Absolute Genitives. I will repost much material that is still valid, and change what is no longer valid.
Usually we think of syntax searches as something involving the Greek or Hebrew Construct Window. That is true for complex searches, or searches involving a clause o phrase.
However, many interesting things can be found also in the main Search Window, that are made possible by the syntax add-on. The grammatical tags can tell us that the case of a word is Genitive, but can't tell us that that Genitive is Subject. The syntax add-on can.
If I type:
I will find any Genitive that is Subject. In Greek, this happens when the Predicate is a Genitive Participle.
In other words, the result of the search will be a genitive absolute.
Genitive Subject 2015-11-22 at 12.21.01.PNG 331.51KB 2 downloads
Instead of entering [ANY genitive], I could have entered a part of speech, as [NOUN genitive] or [PRONOUN genitive]. This is good if I want to restrict my search to Prononuns or Nouns. But if I want to make it general, [ANY genitive] will fit better my purpose.
We need to be aware that this search does not find all Absolute Genitives, but only those that have a visible Subject. If the Subject were understood, the search wouldn't find it, because it wouldn't know that the case of the Subject is Genitive.
When is this the case? It is when we find two Absolute Genitives, connected with a coordinating conjunction (usually καί).
The second Genitive Absolute can't be found in the same way, as its Subject can be omitted: it is understood that it is the same as the Subject of the first Genitive Absolute.
As a consequence, we cannot search for a [Subject] that is also [ANY genitive]: Accordance can't find what is not there.
However, we will see that there are other more refined searches that find all Absolute Genitives, or even all Absolute Genitives that have an understood Subject. The refined searches will take advantage of the Greek Contruct Window.
Edited by Marco V. Fabbri, 23 November 2015 - 04:14 AM.