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New way to sort out ὅτι Clauses

Adjunct clause syntax Greek Causal clause Apposition clause Subject clause Complement clause

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#1 Marco V. Fabbri

Marco V. Fabbri

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Posted 23 November 2015 - 01:40 PM

In Greek, some conjunctions can be used with different kinds of dependent Clauses. This is the case with ὅτι, that is found in Complement, Subject, Appositive, or Adjunct Clauses. An Adjunct Clause introduced by ὅτι is usually a causal Clause.

Thanks to the syntax add-on to GNT28-T, we can easily sort out the ὅτι Clauses according to their syntactical function.
We will need to prepare four different searches.

We will search first for Adjunct Clauses introduced by ὅτι. We will proceed as follows:

  • Open a new Search Text window, choose GNT28-T as search text
  • Click two times on the + to upper right of the Search Text, and choose to search for Words (not Verses) within every Chapter or Book (not Verse, etc)
  • Open a new Greek Construct window (Command-2), that will be automatically linked with the Search Text
  • In the Greek Construct window, drag the green item CLAUSE and drop it into the first column
  • When prompted, choose Dependent clause only, then Adjunct, then click OK or press Return
  • Drag the blue LEX item and drop it into the first column
  • When prompted, go to ὅτι, then click OK or press Return
  • Press Return or click on the Search button to perform the search

 

The results will look like this:

 

Attached File  hOTI Adjunct Clause.PNG   370.5KB   1 downloads

 

We have found Adjunct Clauses introduced by ὅτι. Such clauses are causal.


Edited by Marco V. Fabbri, 23 November 2015 - 02:09 PM.

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Marco Valerio Fabbri
P. Università della S. Croce
Rome, Italy

#2 Marco V. Fabbri

Marco V. Fabbri

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Posted 23 November 2015 - 01:51 PM

Second, we will search for Complement Clauses introduced by ὅτι.

 

We will use the existing search and modify it as follows:

  1. In the Greek Construct window, double-click on the element Adjun. DEPENDENT
  2. When prompted, choose Complement, then click OK or press Return
  3. Press Return or click on the Search button to perform the search

The results will look like this:
 

Attached File  hOTI complement Clause.PNG   775.14KB   0 downloads

We have found Clauses introduced by ὅτι that are complement of some Predicate of the superordinate Clause.


Edited by Marco V. Fabbri, 23 November 2015 - 01:53 PM.

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Marco Valerio Fabbri
P. Università della S. Croce
Rome, Italy

#3 Marco V. Fabbri

Marco V. Fabbri

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Posted 23 November 2015 - 02:03 PM

Third, we will search for Subject Clauses introduced by ὅτι. We will modify the existing search as follows:
 

  • In the Greek Construct window, double-click on the green item Compl. DEPENDENT
  • When prompted, instead of Complement choose Subject
  • Click OK or press Return
  • Press Return or click on the Search button to perform the search

The results will look like this:

 Attached File  hOTI Subject Clause.PNG   653.03KB   0 downloads

If we examine the results, we will see that we have found some Clauses introduced by ὅτι that are Subject of the superordinate Clause.

For instance, in Matthew 4:6 the ὅτι Clause is the Subject of the passive Verb γέγραπται. What is written? ὅτι τοῖς ἀγγέλοις αὐτοῦ ἐντελεῖται: "That he will command to His angels etc."

Mark 2:1, 4:38, 7:6; 11:17, etc., fall into the same pattern.


Edited by Marco V. Fabbri, 23 November 2015 - 02:03 PM.

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Marco Valerio Fabbri
P. Università della S. Croce
Rome, Italy

#4 Marco V. Fabbri

Marco V. Fabbri

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Posted 23 November 2015 - 02:06 PM

Fourth, we will search for Appositive Clauses introduced by ὅτι. We will modify the existing search as follows:
 

  • In the Greek Construct window, double-click on the green item Subj. DEPENDENT
  • When prompted, instead of Subject choose Appositive
  • Click OK or press Return
  • Press Return or click on the Search button to perform the search

The results will look like this:

Attached File  hOTI Appositive Clause.PNG   787.04KB   0 downloads

If we examine the results, we will see the Clause ὅτι Ναζωραῖος κληθήσεται acts as Apposition to the Subject Phrase τὸ ῥηθὲν διὰ τῶν προφητῶν. 


Edited by Marco V. Fabbri, 23 November 2015 - 02:07 PM.

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Marco Valerio Fabbri
P. Università della S. Croce
Rome, Italy





Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: Adjunct clause, syntax, Greek, Causal clause, Apposition clause, Subject clause, Complement clause

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