Fun with infinitive absolutes
Posted 12 June 2016 - 05:49 PM
Posted 13 June 2016 - 08:15 AM
This was an interesting search, but it's not a simple issue.
The "infinitive absolute" is a complex animal. Sometimes it is adverbial, with two sub-categories, sometimes quasi-verbal, and a few rare times it is clearly nominal. Moreover, when it is verbal, it is overwhelming subordinate to a finite verb. Even the cases of imperatives, as in Deut 5:12-13 (below), the infinitive שׁמור appears to be used imperativally (and is typically translated so), but is subordinate to the following finite verb תעבד in v. 13.
שֵׁ֤֣שֶׁת יָמִ֣ים֙ תַּֽעֲבֹ֔ד֮ וְעָשִׂ֖֣יתָ כָּֿל־מְלַאכְתֶּֽךָ֒׃
"Keeping the day of the Sabbath, by sanctifying it like Yhwh your God commanded you, six days you shall work ..."
These cases should be found with a search that looks for Inf Abs as the Predicate in a Predicate Phrase within subordinate (dependent) clause.
(However, I should note that this position on infinitives developed through the course of the initial tagging and I see that I need to make some corrections to the database.)
As for adverbial cases, some like היטב in Deut 13:15 are simple adverbially and should probably be marked simply as an adjunct, with no extra clausal level. I have now fixed Deut 13:15. And I have checked all the other cases of היטב and they have been correctly tagged as simple adjuncts.
Other adverbial cases are the well-known cases in the same root as the finite verb. These are tagged as simple adjuncts (in my opinion, they are actually marking the verb for Focus, which would make them a type of Focus marker).
Cases where the Inf Abs is a nominal are like Hab 3:2 (where it is a complement and Hos 4:2 (where they are subjects):
בְּרֹ֖גֶז רַחֵ֥ם תִּזְכּֽוֹר׃
"In wrath may you remember having mercy"
אָלֹ֣ה וְכַחֵ֔שׁ וְרָצֹ֥חַ וְגָנֹ֖ב וְנָאֹ֑ף פָּרָ֕צוּ
"Swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and adultery break out"
These are all easy to find by looking for Inf Abs as Subject or Complement.
I will now review all the cases and make some corrections for consistency.
Thank for using the syntax database and asking the question.
- David Knoll likes this
Dept. of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations
The University of Toronto
0 user(s) are reading this topic
0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users