In the language of the Greek syntax module, a circumstantial clause is an Adjunct Clause, and one that is part of a Predicate Phrase, as it is an Adjunct to a Predicate.
A Genitive Absolute, that we have already dealt with, is a kind of circumstantial Clause.
It is also a participial Clause, so that a Genitive Absolute is always a participial circumstantial Clause, even if it is not the only kind of participial circumstantial Clauses. There is also another kind, that consists of conjunctive Participles.
In other words, in circumstantial Clauses, a Participle may be either conjunctive or absolute. That is, it either agrees with the Subject (whether overt or covert) of the superordinate clause, or it doesn't.
When it doesn't agree, it is found in Genitive: hence the name of Genitive Absolute.
When it agrees, it is found in Nominative, that is, in the same case as the Subject: hence we have a Conjunctive Participle.
As we already know how to search for a Genitive Absolute, we will now search for a Nominative Participle that is the verb of a Circumstantial Clause, that in turn is part of a Predicate Phrase. The steps are as follows:
- Open a new Search Text, choose GNT28-T as search text, and choose to search for Words
- Go to the upper right of the Window and click + plus twice in order to bring out the Scope of the Search
- Choose Scope: Chapter or Book (not Verse, etc)
- Open a new Greek Constuct (Command-2), that will be automatically linked to the Search Text
- In the Greek Construct window, drag the Phrase element and drop it into the first column
- When prompted, choose Predicate Phrase
- Drag the Clause item and drop it into the first column, within the PREDICATE PHRASE
- When prompted, choose Dependent Clause only and then Adjunct
- Drag the Verb element and drop it into the first column of the Adjun. DEPENDENT Clause
- When prompted, choose Mood: participle and then Case: Nominative
- Press Return, or click on the search button.
The results are as follows:
Conjunctive participles.PNG 488.95KB 3 downloads
It is apparent that the search actually finds conjunctive Participles, which are anarthrous, as the two Participles in Matthew 1:19 δίκαιος ὢν καὶ μὴ θέλων. This is what we expected.
The search is now more precise than it was in 2011.
Edited by Marco V. Fabbri, 26 November 2015 - 10:56 AM.
updating to 2015