Basil the Great was bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia during the late fourth century A.D. Although it had been nearly fifty years since the council of Nicea had ruled against the Arians in affirming the full divinity and consubstantiality of the Son with the Father, Arianism had continued to spread and cause division. Basil, along with his friend and fellow Cappadocian bishop Gregory Nazianzus, were two of the strongest opponents of this second generation of Arians.

Basil_120 As Rick explained last week, Gregory Nazianzus wrote a number of theological orations, including two discourses on the Son of God which are now available in a grammatically tagged Greek text and parallel English translation. Basil turned his attention to the articulation of the nature of the Holy Spirit, a question not fully addressed at Nicea and which was increasingly becoming a subject of debate between Arians and orthodox Christians. Basil’s treatise On the Holy Spirit affirmed the divinity and consubstantiality of the Spirit by demonstrating that He, like the Son, is of one and the same nature with the Father, and that equal honor and worship therefore are due Him.

Basil’s On the Holy Spirit in Accordance comes with three modules. The Greek text has full morphological tagging. It can be run in parallel with an English translation from the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series II, Volume VIII. A third Notes module containing cross-references may be run in parallel as well.


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On the Holy Spirit by Basil the Great
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